The Lifetime Management Team within the NCA has responsibility for managing a number of high-priority and significant serious and organised criminals. These criminals have been convicted of serious offences, and law enforcement have secured additional restrictions on them at court to prevent them from re-offending. Key powers used include:
Serious Crime Prevention Orders (SCPOs) are civil orders to prevent or deter serious crime. Breach of an SCPO is a criminal offence punishable by up to five years imprisonment and an unlimited fine. The restrictions that an SCPO can include are wide-ranging. As long as they are shown to be proportionate, justified and necessary to the circumstances of the case, they can include restrictions on communications devices, conducting specific types of business, bank accounts, associating with criminal associates, and geographic restrictions. The order lasts for up to five years. The list of currently published orders can be viewed spreadsheet here (145 KB).
A Travel Restriction Order (TRO) can be imposed on any offender convicted of a drug trafficking offence and sentenced to four years or more in prison, regardless of nationality. The aim of the order is to reduce re-offending through restricting the movements of convicted drug traffickers. UK passport holders (including those with dual nationality) may be required to surrender their passports to the court. The TRO comes into effect upon the offender’s release from prison and its minimum length is two years. The penalty for breach of a TRO is up to five years’ imprisonment and/or a fine. The list of currently published orders can be viewed spreadsheet here (145 KB).
Financial Reporting Orders (FROs) may be made by a court, on the application of a prosecutor, following a conviction for certain offences. They require a convicted criminal to report their financial details at regular intervals. This can be for a period of up to 20 years for those sentenced to life, or a maximum of 15 years for other sentences. The list of currently published orders can be viewed spreadsheet here (145 KB).
The National Offender Management Service (NOMS) monitors the behaviour of offenders released from prison on parole licence through the use of standard and bespoke licence conditions. The Lifetime Management Team works closely with NOMS to develop licence conditions imposed on offenders of interest to the NCA. The imposition of licence conditions can deter and frustrate offenders from committing further offences. If the offender breaks one or more of the conditions, such as by travelling abroad, they can be sent back to prison. The Lifetime Management Team and NOMS work together to ensure offenders comply with those conditions.
The Lifetime Management Team uses a wide range of investigative and intelligence techniques to monitor individuals compliance with these restrictions. In particular, the Lifetime Management Team works closely with partners to exchange information on these individuals to identify and reduce their opportunities for returning to criminal activity.